DIFFERENT DEVELOPMENT ORIENTATIONS OF ESTONIA AND LATVIA, THE SUCCESSOR STATES OF LIVONIA, OLD-ESTONIA AND CURONIA IN THE RURAL AREAS

The big number of co-operative banks – the numbr of MUTURAL INSURERS, closely related bodies – in the small Estonian nation proves its former OMNI-PRESENCE and their STRONG REGIONAL or regional ROOTS. The, comparatively, bigger number of Estonian co-op banks…

LATVIA UNTIL SECOND WORLD WAR: SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPMENT OF THE TRADITIONAL COOPERATIVE AND MUNICIPALITY BANKS: MODERN COOP LEGISLATION OF 1937

(Source of the following: Valsts statistika parvalde. Financu un kredita statistika. 1938g. Sarakstigis J. Jurevics; redigejis A. Maldups. The addresses of the locations are taken from a 1936 publication on civic institutions. The exact source will be inserted later.)(Note: For…

ESTONIA BETWEEN FIRST AND SECOND WORLD WAR: CONTINUITY AND MODERNISING OF THE URBAN CIVIC SOCIETY GOVERNED FINANCE SECTOR AND THE EXTRA-ORDINARY UP-RISE OF RURAL COOPERATIVE BANKS

ESTLAND ZWISCHEN ERSTEM UND ZWEITEM WELTKRIEG: KONTINUITÄT UND MODERNISIERUNG DES STÄDTISCHEN BÜRGERLICHEN FINANZSEKTORS UND DER AUSSERGEWÖHNLICHE AUFSCHWUNG DER LÄNDLICHEN GENOSSENSCHAFTSBANKEN…

INTRODUCTORY NOTES FOR THE THE MAPS COLLECTION FROM THE MELLIN ATLAS, END OF 18TH CENTURY

Count Mellin, the author of this work, was one of the members of „Livländische Gemeinnützige und Ökonomische Sozietät“ (working translation: Livonian Common Weal and Economic Society; an official English language version of the denomination does not exist), founded 1792 in…